The long range effects of including sexual orientation in hate crimes legislation will probably significantly reduce homophobia within the country federal hate crime legislation would increase federal government participation in law enforcement increased federal involvement in hate crime prosecution would be beneficial. Conversely, two of the most outspoken critics of hate crime legislation, james jacobs and kimberly potter (1998), argue the case for abolishing hate crime laws altogether in essence, jacobs and potter (1998) challenge the foundations upon which the case for hate crime legislation is made on moral, legal, political and practical grounds.
Hate crimes carry greater penalties hate in and of itself becomes an additional crime when it occurs in conjunction with an ordinary crime arson is a crime the new crime is hate + arson if you intend arson, don’t do it because you hate the person who owns the building do it because you like fires or want to collect insurance money.
Hate crime laws target violent acts not thoughts some opponents of hate crimes argue that you can't outlaw hate, and that this is what hate laws attempt to do but, rather, hate laws attempt to outlaw and punish violent executions of hateful thoughts. In fact, hate crime laws are a criminal justice system parallel to these laws in language, structure, and application, the majority of the nation’s hate crime laws are directly analogous to anti-discrimination civil rights laws.
An argument in favor of additional penalty on hate crimes pages 2 words 609 view full essay more essays like this: not sure what i'd do without @kibin - alfredo alvarez, student @ miami university exactly what i needed - jenna kraig, student @ ucla wow most helpful essay resource ever.
In general, hate crime laws offer increased penalties to perpetrators who commit crimes because of or motivated by the perpetrator’s bias against a certain group and the victim’s membership in the particular group, ie, race, ethnicity, religion, gender, sexual orientation, etc. Criminal penalties for hate crimes vary from state to state but many hate crimes are felonies (crimes punishable by more than one year in prison) under federal hate crime legislation, bias-motivated violence is punishable by ten years to life in prison, and some bias-motivated crimes are punishable by the death penalty.
The term hate crime enhancement is fairly new (i believe the first hate crime enhancement was passed in the 1980's) 1) a hate crime is a crime committed due to malice towards a class of people, which includes, but is not limited to, race, ethnicity, nationality, religion, gender, and/or sexual orientation. Doesn’t impact that a crime was committed, may impact the way the law views the moral content of the crime in the case of hate crimes, you can think about it in terms of your definition of intent, too what is sought in a hate crime, as opposed to another crime, is to commit a crime against someone because of their belonging in a group.